TEHRAN Persian Rugs Properties:

Visibility:  Carpets made in TEHRAN have curvilinear patterns. The majority are around fifty years old. It is very hard to find rugs and carpets made in TEHRAN in recent years, except ones produced by master weavers for museums or rich buyers. One of the most famous master weavers and rug designers in IRAN was Rassam Arabzadeh.

Quality:  The quality of TEHRAN carpets varies. Older ones (pre-1945) are good. Newer ones produced by master weavers are excellent. This new series of rugs ends up in museums or is exported for a high price.

Size & Shapes:  TEHRAN carpets and rugs come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet). You can also find large rugs up to 10 x 18 feet.

Color:  Dark red and powerful blue predominates, with ivory as a contrasting color. Other colors such as soft green and blue and brown are found in newer ones.

Texture:  Soft wool; thin, tight pile.

Foundation:  Warps is mostly cotton; wefts is either cotton or wool.

Knots:  Weavers in TEHRAN use Persian knots. The quality of the carpet depends on the number of knots, which varies, but averages from around 120 KPSI (30 RAJ) up to 842 KPSI (80 RAJ).

Price:  TEHRAN carpets have a very broad price range. Old ones are cheaper-around $7-$35 Per Square Foot (PSF)-but newer master weaves are extremely fine rugs and their prices are much higher. Keep in mind that, as a rule, the higher the KPSI, the greater is the price.
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Typical TEHRAN Rugs


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Where is TEHRAN?


The metropolitan city of Tehran on the slopes of the mountains of Shemiran and at the foot of the magnificent Mount Damavand is the capital of IRAN. TEHRAN has been the country's capital city for only 200 years now. With an altitude of 1200 meters above sea level, Tehran is a city of all four seasons with hot summers, freezing winters, and brief springs and autumns.

The highest recorded summer temperature in Tehran was 42 degrees centigrade, while the lowest registered at 8 degrees below zero. Tehran's central position and economic prosperity has attracted great numbers of immigrants from other cities, which led to the nickname "the city of 72 nations." Tehran is Iran's political and administrative center, a major focal point of the middle east and a city of international repute.


The first mention of Tehran in an geographical text was made in the 10th century Massalek-al Mamalek (The Way of States) by Estakhri. Yaghut Hamavi's thirteenth century work, Mojam-al Boldan (A Lexicon of Cities) discusses the village of Tehran in detail.

Later, one frequently comes across the name of this village in association with farms, gardens and orchards and an aggressive people who lived in cave-like underground houses. Gradually, this village that was famous for its fine fruits and beautiful gardens underwent new development. From the beginning of the reign of the Safavid dynasty, TEHRAN came to the attention of the central government.

At the same time, the city began to develop northwards and gained a reputation as a place independent from the city of Rey. Meanwhile, the city became important as a commercial and a strategic center. At the time of the Zand dynasty, it was a small city that was militarily significant. Finally, the first of the Qajar kings, Agha Mohammad Khan, named TEHRAN the country's capital.

Nevertheless, the capital's real development started at the time of another Qajar monarch, Fath Ali Shah. The citadel that Agha Mohammad Khan had built was developed to include new royal buildings. At the same time, the city's population doubled. With the increasing importance of the city, gates, squares and mosques were soon built and finally, in the time of Nassereddin Shah, the city's master plan was prepared and modern streets were formed. Later, large central squares like Toopkhaneh Square and several military buildings were constructed.

With the decline of the Qajar dynasty, TEHRAN soon took the shape of a modern city. The construction of large government buildings, new streets, recreation centers, urban service establishments, and academic and scientific centers was begun. Most of the old gates and buildings were destroyed and the city's old architectural fabric was replaced by a modern one.

After World War II and even more so following the 1950s, TEHRAN experienced a trend of rapid development marked by massive immigration and greater demand for housing that led to the vertical growth of the city. Tall buildings and residential towers changed the face of the city. Meanwhile, satellite townships developed on the outskirts.

As a result of the expansion, TEHRAN's suburbs and nearby villages became practically part of the city. Currently, TEHRAN is several kilometers long from one side to another. Its central axes such as Enghelab, Valiasr and Dr.Shariati Avenues have been extended by several kilometers. Centralization and expansion of major industrial and social places has led to TEHRAN's being divided into 20 municipal districts, with many people commuting between them. The city's mass media include hundreds of newspapers and magazines, three TV networks and three round-the-clock radio programs.

TEHRAN's indoor grand Bazaar is a network comprised of thousands of traditionally run shops spanning several kilometers. Hundreds of thousands of people visit this huge shopping center everyday. In addition, some of the streets and quarters of TEHRAN specialize in specific goods. Among these streets are Valiasr and Jomhouri Eslami avenues in which most shops specialize in clothing; Enghelab avenue, close to the TEHRAN University, where there are tens of bookshops and stationary dealers; and Rey street where home appliances are sold. Big stores like the Ghods chain stores are among the other major shopping centers of Tehran.

The Sights of Tehran

The oldest historical monuments Tehran date back to the Qajar period. Some of them are:
Abgineh(Glass & Ceramic)Museum
Ancient Iran Museum
Anthropological Museum
Carpet Museum
Central Bank's Treasury Museum
Dafineh Museum
Decorative Arts Museum
Shrines of Imamzadeh Saleh in Tajrish
Golestan Palace and Museum
Museum of Contemporary Arts
Darabad Nature and Wildlife Museum of IRAN
Niavaran Palace Museum
Old Parliament National Assembly
Rassam Arabzadeh Carpet Museum
Reza Abbassi Museum
Saad Abad Palace Museum
Shah Mosque
Shamsolemare Building

There are also several large and beautiful parks in Tehran and its suburbs in addition to the city's natural parks located in the mountains around the capital.

Tehran Azadi Square
Tehran Azadi Square
Tehran Saad Abad Palace
Tehran Saad Abad Palace
Tehran in Winter
Tehran in Winter
Carpet Museum Tehran
Carpet Museum Tehran
Tehran Golestan Palace
Tehran Golestan Palace