Visibility of Persian Rugs & Oriental Carpets

Visibility in Persian rugs or carpets has direct connection with their design. Design may be generally categorized in two revolving and broken forms:

1) The Revolving Curve Lines
2) The Revolving Broken Direct Lines.
We categorize the Persian rugs and carpet in three separate zone:

1 - City Rugs
Rugs and carpets from cities usually have curvature and have flower patterns. The most famous city rugs are from:

1) ISFAHAN
2) KASHAN
3) KERMAN
4) MASHAD
5) NAIN
6) QOM
7) TABRIZ
8) YAZD

2 - Village Rugs
Rugs and carpets from villages or small towns some have both curvature and geometric patterns. The most famous towns and villages rugs are from:

1) ABADEH
2) FARAHAN
3) HAMEDAN
4) HERIZ
5) NAHAVAND
6) VARAMIN
7) YALAMEH

3-Tribal Rugs
Rugs and carpets from different tribes of IRAN usually have geometric patterns. The most famous Tribes rugs are from:

1) AFSHAR
2) BAKHTIARI
3) BALOUCH
4) KURD
5) LURI
6) QASHQAI
7) TURKMEN
There are other methods to define the visage of the rugs and carpets that based on classical formats of rugs and carpets. These formats usually used in Rugs shows by dealers to define a rug or carpets. We try to inform you with some new terminology in FARSI(Official Language in IRAN) regarding the visage of Persian Rugs and Carpets:

Kurdish Woman IRAN
IRAN ISFAHAN Aligapo
Mashad Nader Shah Tomb IRAN IRAN
  Lachack Toranj (Triangular Citron Design)
Tabriz Lachak torang design
Lachack Toranj
Triangular Citron
It is one of the most beautiful and popular Iranian designs which was first used for the decoration of leather book covers. It has been used in carpets since 1500 AD. The Citron design is usually round and sometimes elliptical with one or two spearheads and sometimes more. One forth of CITRON Design comes in every angle of the carpet's main body.



 MEHRABI (ALTAR Design)
Another Masterpiece from QOM in Oldcarpet.com
MEHRABI
ALTAR Design
ALTAR(MEHRABI) design has been inspired by ALTAR of Muslim Mosques but some other decorative elements like columns and flower and leafs have been added to it later. The variations of these designs are named by the name of the added elements.



  Goldani (VASE Design)
VASE(GOLDANI) Design,QOM
Goldani
VASE Design
VASE(Goldani) design is created by picture of the different shapes and sizes of flower vases which are sometimes full of flowers.In this design usually the main part of carpet. Sometimes the VASE is symmetrical or otherwise arranged VASES decorate the entire carpet. The variations of this design are the two signs VASE:

The ALTAR VASE.
The Zello-Soultan Vase



 Gonbadi (FRAMED Design)
Persian Tabriz Gonbad Design
Goldani
VASE Design
This magnificent design is called gonbadi which is the intricate design of the inside of the famous king mosques dome.This is one of the famous designs in the art of carpet weaving. Sometimes the designs of its four-sided frames are the same, but in other cases these designs differ from each other. One of the most beautiful specimens of this design is displayed at the Iran Carpet Museum and includes scenes from the stories of Shahnameh.



 Derakhti (Tree Design)
Kerman Carpet
Derakhti
(Tree Design)
This design includes magnificent trees, seen in the carpets of royal courts, while simpler trees are seen in those woven by villagers and nomadic tribes.



 Botteh(Floral Design)
Botteh Design
Botteh
(Floral Design)
This design has been used since thousands of years on precious carpets and other works of art. The Floral design has several variations, including small, medium and large chestnut and mother child design, in which a smaller design comes out of a larger one. The friendship and enmity design, which is more popular in the Senneh carpets woven in SANANDAJ(SENNEH) area, belongs to this category. The floral design and its variations are very popular in the provinces of Khorasan, KERMAN, Kurdestan, the Central Province, and among the QASHQAI and BAKHTIARI tribes where it is known as Ghobad Khani and Garden design respectively.



 Shah Abbas Design
Shah Abbas Floral Pattern
Shah Abbas Design
This plant-like curved pattern has probably found its way into the Persian art from the Arabic art. The Persian word for Arabesque (Eslimi) has probably been derived from the word Eslimi meaning bud. It may possibly be a variation of the word Eslam that stands for the religion of Islam. One of the most famous types of this pattern is the Dahan Azhdari found in abundance in the Bijar carpet. In this form, the ending part of each branch is divided into two parts that resemble the jaws of a dragon.



 Eslimi Arabesque Design
Eslimil Pattern in Kashan
Eslimi
Arabesque Design
This plant-like curved pattern has probably found its way into the Persian art from the Arabic art. The Persian word for Arabesque (Eslimi) has probably been derived from the word Eslimi meaning bud. It may possibly be a variation of the word Eslam that stands for the religion of Islam. One of the most famous types of this pattern is the Dahan Azhdari found in abundance in the Bijar carpet. In this form, the ending part of each branch is divided into two parts that resemble the jaws of a dragon.



 Kings & Noblemen Design
Kings Nobles Pictorial Persian Rugs
Kings & Noblemen
This is one of the rare designs found in the carpets of KERMAN that depicts portraits of kings and world-renowned men. Christopher Columbus, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Alexander and Napoleon are among the famous men whose portraits have appeared on such carpets. These carpets are mainly woven in KERMAN and occasionally in TABRIZ at customer's demand. Kings-Nobles-Pictorial-Persian-Rugs-1-250



 Gol Farang (European Flower Design)
Golfarang Rug Design
Gol Farang
(European Flower Design)
This design is worked mainly in Kurdestan, particularly in Bijar. The floral patterns in this design do not resemble those appearing in Shah Abbas or Arabesque design



 MAHI HERATI (Fish Design)
TABRIZ MAHI(Fish Design)
Gol Farang
(European Flower Design)
Woven first in Herat, it is also known as the Herat design. Herat, presently a part of Afghanistan, was an Iranian city until 1587. This design has four fish around a carpet. The picture of the fish is at times so abstract and stylized that it hardly resembles a fish and looks more like a leaf. This design is popular in Kurdestan, Azerbaijan and the Central Province. It is also known as the FARAHAN design because the carpet-weavers of FARAHAN are expert in weaving carpets with fish or Herat design.



 Striped Pattern
Galamdani Moharramat
Striped Pattern
Courtesy of Persia.org
In this pattern, the carpet is decorated with long and narrow strips of different designs and harmonious colors. In some areas of Iran, this pattern is called Ghalamdani or Moharramat design.



 Four Seasons Design
Another Masterpiece from QOM in Oldcarpet.com
Four Seasons Design
This is one of the most interesting designs used since the last few centuries. It consists of four pictures, each depicting one season of the year. These beautiful carpets have been woven only in TABRIZ and HERIZ.