BAKHTIARI Persian Rugs Properties:

Visibility: The best known BAKHTIARI rug design is the Garden carpet with flower- and tendril-filled compartmental designs (KHESHTI Design). Another important BAKHTIARI design consists of a decorated field with lattice designs and floral ornaments that are as distinctly executed as the well-drawn medallion carpets of Saman.

Quality:  There is a wide variation in quality and prices among carpets from this region, ranging from consumer carpets up to excellent collector's pieces. Hori carpets are generally of lower quality, while Bibibaff, Chapel Shotur and Saman pieces are good to excellent.

Size & Shapes:  Small and Large rugs up to 1.50 x 2.20m and occasionally narrow runners are produced. Room-sized carpets up to 4 x 5m are woven in workshops.

Color:  There is great variety of color in the carpets produced in the several hundred villages of this area. The principal colors include many shades of white and ivory, as well as various reds, browns, greens, and yellows, but relatively little blue. Natural dyes generally produce a harmonious range of color, especially on older pieces and in Bibibaff.

Texture:  Even with wool obtained from the weaver's own herd, there are still varying degrees of quality, ranging from dull to extremely glossy. The pile is clipped medium-high to high.

Foundation:  Warp and weft are of cotton.

Knots:  The Turkish knot is used in greatly varying knot densities, ranging from very coarse to medium fine.

Price:  Old and antique BAKHTIARI rugs are sought as rather rare collectors' pieces. Nomad carpets have a special charm and are distinguished by their beautiful patina. Old Bakhtiari are high in price, but newer ones are fairly reasonable. You might pay as low as $4-$18 Per Square Foot (PSF) for a nice BAKHTIARI rug.

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Typical BAKHTIARI Rugs


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Where are BAKHTIARI Tiribe in IRAN?

Southwestern IRAN - BAKHTIARI

BAKHTIARI rugs are named for the BAKHTIARI tribe, one of the most ancient and well-known Persian tribes, found in the area southwest of Isfahan.
This formerly nomadic tribe, of which Soraya (Shah Second Wife) was perhaps the most famous daughter, has since become settled.

After they established a settlement in the the Zagros region of the Chahar-Mahal area, their production of carpets increased at the start of the 19th century.

This region is known for having very luxurious wool that produces excellent carpets. The center of the BAKHTIARI weaving area is now southeast of Isfahan in Shahr-Kurd, and rugs of lesser quality are known by their place of manufacture, such as Bibibaff, Saman, and Luri.

There are nearly 200 villages in this area today, which produce some of the most charming carpets available on the market.

Bakhtiari is a tribal group of southwestern Iranian nomadic pastoralists migrating between summer quarters (yaylāq, ييلاق) and winter quarters (qishlāq, قشلاق) in a mountainous region (c.25,000 sq mi/64,750 sq km) in Khuzestan and Esfahan provinces. Population estimates vary widely around 850,000 people.

The Bakhtiari originally migrated (10th cent.) from Syria to Iran, and until the 15th century were known as the Great Lurs. In the early 20th cent., after the discovery of oil in the region they inhabit, their chiefs were courted by the British and were paid to protect oil pipelines.

The Bakhtiari played a decisive part in the deposition of Muhammad Ali Shah in 1908-9. Reza Shah Pahlevi forced many of them to abandon their nomadic ways and to settle in permanent communities; after his deposition in 1941, however, many Bakhtiari returned to nomadism. (source


Soraya Esfandiari Bakhtiari Shah Wife
Soraya Esfandiari Bakhtiari Shah Wife